Oops, Not exactly.
There are certain theories related with poverty and crime. But all of these depend on the mentality, morality of the people. For a moment think of you as poor man. You may see a very rich man with a luxurious house, nice wife, expensive vehicle, quality clothes and so on. Some may feel "if I also can attain such things" and think that the only way for me to do that is being a criminal. On the other hand someone else may think "Useless thinking of those. I can not have such things". The way the person thinks, the way their lives are drawn to.
You may have witnessed some people done crimes using their poverty as the excuse. But all the same there are many noble people who have achieved success in their lives ignoring their poverty. We come across both the types of people in our everyday life. There are many internationally reputed people also who have selected the correct paths in their lives. For an example; Abraham Lincoln. He is a marvelous personality. He was able to have a grade 1 education only. But disregarding all those he made his life good. Mentality affects the way of a persons behavior. But it is the society and culture which affects the mentality.